Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles

  • 17 Pages
  • 0.26 MB
  • English
for sale by the National Technical Information Service , Oak Ridge, Tenn. : Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Chemical Technology Division, Springfield, Va
Plutonium, Nuclear
StatementD. O. Campbell, E. H. Gift ; prepared by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the Department of Energy
SeriesORNL/TM ; 6392
ContributionsGift, E. H., joint author, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division
The Physical Object
Pagination17 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14881562M

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@article{osti_, title = {Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles. [Spiking of plutonium with /sup /Pu]}, author = {Campbell, D.O.

Description Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles EPUB

and Gift, E.H.}, abstractNote = {The properties of plutonium containing unusually large proportions of the /sup /Pu isotope are considered in relation to resistance to Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles book proliferation. Several fuel cycle modifications for light-water.

We compared the implied meaning of proliferation resistance in proposals regarding the nuclear fuel cycle. We find discrepancies amongst the proposals regarding the technical definition of proliferation resistance, however there is a consistent focus on the importance of “physical form” as a key in determining a proliferation resistant fuel by: 3.

A methodology, based on the multiattribute utility analysis, for the assessment of diverse fuel cycles for proliferation resistance was developed. The prospects for a dramatic growth in nuclear power may depend to a significant degree on the effectiveness of, and the resources devoted to, plans to develop and implement technologies and approaches that strengthen proliferation resistance and nuclear materials accountability.

The challenges for. Equilibrium, Proliferation Resistant, Closed Fuel Cycles for Lwrs. Authors; Authors and affiliations The Role of Plutonium in Nuclear Fuel Cycles, Nuclear Technology, 56, p– Apse V.A.

() Equilibrium, Proliferation Resistant, Closed Fuel Cycles for Lwrs. In: Parish T.A., Khromov V.V., Carron I. (eds) Safety Issues Cited by: 1. Rather than asking “Does this technical change result in a more or less proliferation-resistant fuel cycle?” one might ask, “In the context of this situation, what changes would improve or degrade the proliferation risk?” The National Academies Press.

doi: / Proliferation Risk in Nuclear Fuel Cycles is a summary of. Buy Viability on Inert Matrix Fuel in Reducing Plutonium Amounts in Reactors (Iaea Tecdoc Series) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified ordersAuthor: Not Available.

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative and Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Programs BACKGROUND From the first introduction of nuclear power, the management of spent nuclear fuel, especially the highly radioactive components, has been a concern.

Analyzing the proliferation resistance of advanced nuclear fuel cycles: in search of an assessment methodology for use in fuel cycle simulations. Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of breaking down atomic nuclei or of combining atomic nuclei (), or with the application of other sub-atomic processes based on the principles of nuclear Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles book the sub-field of nuclear fission, it particularly includes the design, interaction, and maintenance of systems and components like nuclear reactors.

An Evaluation of the Proliferation Resistant Characteristics of Light Water Reactor Fuel with the Potential for Recycle in the United States “Proliferation Resistant Nuclear Fuel Cycles,” Annual Review of Energy, 3, (). An Evaluation of the Proliferation Resistant Characteristics of Closed Fuel Cycles with Series One Fuel in.

The term “proliferation resistant” was coined to describe technologies that are not suitable for the production of weapons usable material. Despite this interest in “proliferation resistant technologies,” the reality remains that a truly proliferation-proof nuclear energy system has yet to be discovered.

is merely a public relations ploy to gain acceptance of nuclear fuel cycles based on plutonium recycling—a nonproliferation seal of ap-proval, as it were—it will be extremely counterproductive.

Download Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles FB2

To have a truly proliferation-resistant closed fuel cycle, the risk should be no greater at any point in the process than the risk posed by the once-Cited by: 5. Oct 05,  · Dr Hansen claims that thorium-based fuel cycles are “inherently proliferation-resistant”. But in fact, thorium has been used to produce fissile material (uranium) for nuclear weapons tests.

Jul 01,  · Proliferation-Resistant Fuel Cycles. Can the world use plutonium fuel in nuclear reactors while reducing the proliferation risks. Both the United States and Russia subscribe to the policy of proliferation-resistance in the nuclear fuel cycle.

Inthe Russian Federation published its vision for nuclear energy in the 21st century. The International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) formerly the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) began as a U.S.

proposal, announced by United States Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman on February 6,to form an international partnership to promote the use of nuclear power and close the nuclear fuel cycle in a way that reduces nuclear waste and the risk of nuclear.

Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Materials Technologies Objective To advance the development and implementation of an increasingly safe, reliable, efficient, proliferation resistant and environmentally sustainable nuclear fuel cycle (NFC), providing the maximum benefit to Member States.

To assist and support Member States in strengthening their. erating conditions. In short, there are also proliferation-resistant barri-ers in the nuclear power technologies.

Extrinsic barriers are developed and added to the nuclear fuel cycle to help control the remaining risks in the nuclear fuel cycle and com-pensate for Cited by: 5. “This co-extraction process [COEX] is also being promoted as a proliferation-resistant separation process that could be used in advanced nuclear fuel cycles.

This assertion is however debatable since the separation of the co-extracted uranium and plutonium involves an additional chemical process that is known to most fuel chemistry experts.”. Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles.

Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear. Develop new nuclear generation technologies - that foster the diversity of the domestic energy supply through public-private partnerships that are aimed in the near-term () at the deployment of advanced, proliferation-resistant light water reactor and fuel cycle technologies and in the longer-term () at the development and deployment of.

highly developed fuel cycles and a record of close cooperation) to develop reprocessing and fuel treat-ment technologies that are cleaner, more efficient, less waste-intensive, and more proliferation-resistant (National Energy Policy Development Group, ).

The effort appeared aimed less at. Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Materials Technologies Objective To advance the development and implementation of an increasingly safe, reliable, economically effi cient, proliferation resistant and environmentally sustainable nuclear fuel cycle, providing the maximum benefi t to Member States.

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Objectives. In sum, it is unclear whether todays safer, simpler, modular, and more proliferation resistant paper reactors and fuel cycles will turn out to be economically competitive. What does seem clear, at least to me, is that while greater proliferation resistance is desirable, it isnt sufficient.

between proliferation-prone fuel cycles and fuel cycles thought to be proliferation-resistant. LWRS were considered highly prolifera- tion-resistant so long as technologies or services which could further enrich the LEU fresh fuel or extract plutonium from the spent fuel.

Sep 09,  · Isotopic Uranium and Plutonium Denaturing as an Effective Method for Nuclear Fuel Proliferation Protection in Open and Closed Fuel Cycles.

only short-term pre-irradiation of fresh fuel assemblies in the research reactors may be sufficient to produce proliferation resistant fuel assemblies, suitable even for export E F Kryuchkov, P V Tsvetkov, A N Shmelev, V A Apse, G G Kulikov, S V Masterov, E G Kulikov, Glebov V.

On the basis of the above discussion we can conclude that all civil nuclear fuel cycles involve some risk of proliferation.

Although the once-through fuel cycle is relatively proliferation resistant at the present time this will not remain so into the indefinite future.

Attention is also given to the evolution of the nuclear debate, industrial cogeneration, proliferation resistant nuclear fuel cycles, the environmental impacts of industrial energy systems in the coastal zone, soft energy technologies, and aggregate energy, efficiency, and productivity measurement.

Get this from a library. Viability of inert matrix fuel in reducing plutonium amounts in reactors. [International Atomic Energy Agency.;] -- Reactors around the world have produced more than tons of plutonium, contained in spent fuel, as separated forms through reprocessing, or as weapons-grade material.

The recycling of plutonium as. R.

Details Proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycles FB2

A. Krakowski, Re-Engineering Fission: Reactors for Safe, Globally Sustainable, Proliferation-Resistant, and Cost-Effective Nuclear Power, Los Alamos National Laboratory document LA-UR– (August 25, ).

Google ScholarCited by: 2.The Committee has provided an additional $6, to the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative for the UNLV [University of Nevada, Las Vegas] Research Foundation and directs the Department to enter into a 5-year cooperative agreement to study deep burn-up of nuclear fuel and other fuel cycle research to eliminate the need for multiple spent nuclear.The IAEA General Conference in has invited “all interested Member States to combine their efforts under the aegis of the Agency in considering the issues of the nuclear fuel cycle, in particular by examining innovative and proliferation-resistant nuclear technology”.Cited by: 7.